History of the AIB Fellows: — 95 An advisory motion which does not have the force of law, according to the Constitution was made by S. Robock and seconded by J. The motion passed unanimously with one abstention. The Dean appointed S. Robock Chairman , J. Boddewyn, and J. Behrman and seconded by S. This motion again, advisory was adopted unanimously.
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The question of a formal induction ceremony for new Fellows was discussed. Behrman and seconded by Ph.
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After discussion, the motion passed, all voting aye except J. Professor Dunning suggested we should make sure that Fellows are well publicized, as in JIBS, and the Dean promised that he would discuss this issue with the Editor. The question of selection and funding for the International Business Scholar of the Year was discussed, with L.
Nehrt bringing us up to date. After considerable discussion, it was agreed by consensus to wait for next year to proceed on this issue. The question of the selection of the International Businessman of the Year was discussed. Because of this delay, the name is not in these minutes.
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Sympathy was expressed for those involved, but no action was taken. A good time was had by all, in spite of the menu at the dinner. This chapter surveys a sample of the wide variety of works on the history of multinational enterprise, published from the s onward. The works are not only in business history but also in diplomatic and legal history.
The literature makes it clear that the multinational enterprise has a long history and is far from a post-World War II or post phenomenon. It considers why and how international-business history matters for international-business research. Over the years, many AIB Fellows have contributed to the literature on the history of international business.
Chandler in particular made major contributions to the history of international business. In the s and s, as Dunning and Vernon were becoming alert to international business history, business historians were writing archivebased studies on the history of individual multinational enterprises. Today, there is a renewed surge of interest within AIB in the historical perspective.
Historians of multinational enterprise initially began by rebelling against the notion that the formidable post-World War II expansion of U.
Both of my books were published by Harvard University Press. They are, I take it, the telephone, the portable camera, the phonograph, the electric street car, the automobile, the typewriter, passenger lifts elevators in houses and the multiplication of machine MIRA WILKINS tools.
In everyone of these, save the petroleum automobile, the American maker is supreme; in several he is the monopolist.
In that same book, I excerpted a passage from a letter to an agent in Thailand from H. If there were time, we could arrange to have the order go to any one of those countries that might be preferred. Wilkins, , p. Speed in communication has changed the internal dynamics of decision-making even though the fundamentals for the strategies may be alike. Indeed, it was the railroad and the steamship, the telegraph and the cable that set the basis for the origins of the modern multinational enterprise. New communication technologies have created sophistication in what can be accomplished in terms of coordination and control and in terms of the logistics of sourcing and markets.
My Emergence and Maturing books established that U. Americans who made overseas commitments had something distinctive to offer foreign customers. They sought not only to cater to, but to create, foreign demand. From sewing machines to drugs to oil to insurance, aggressive and imaginative marketing gave Americans an advantage. Americans went abroad when they discovered their advantage. The next question for students of the history of multinational enterprise was obvious: What about the history of multinational enterprises headquartered within Europe? Charles Wilson, Professor of Modern European History at Cambridge University, had shown with his history of Unilever that there were important European multinational enterprises.
In various contexts in the s, he explored the history of multinational enterprise. During the s, new attention was paid to a number of different aspects of the history of multinational enterprise. When Vernon published in his edited volume The Oil Crisis, there was a chapter on the oil companies in historical perspective, which included both U. May and John K.smile-creator.org/wp-includes/boise/svatebn-agentura-yes-and-yes.php
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Platt published in an edited volume entitled Business Imperialism, — Its title notwithstanding, this was not a left-wing denunciation of imperialism but a sober collection of archive-based studies on British business in Latin America: it included two articles by Charles Jones, one on commercial banks and mortgage companies and another on insurance companies. There were also new histories of banks and insurance companies that included their international business activities.
All were useful in different ways. Among professional business historians, there came to be specialists in the history of international business.
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In the s, Geoffrey Jones began publishing and holding numerous conferences on this subject. It is impossible herein to document the formidable outpouring but I will provide a sample of the directions that the literature is taking more details are given in Wilkins , forthcoming. The Unilever history, for example, was brought up-to-date Jones, b. There were studies of multinationals from developing and transition economies, and some of the former had quite long and continuous histories.
Some books and articles dealt broadly with an entire host country or region, some considered a designated time period, others concentrated on investments in a particular sector from cigarettes to automobiles, bananas, chemicals, electronics, tin, aluminum, petroleum, palm oil, rubber and even the beauty industry Jones, The range of inquiries has been great indeed.
The material was at the time all very new. The one on cross-investments dealt with matters that I had not understood when I contributed years earlier to Pearl Harbor as History see aforementioned because it showed a far larger role of Japanese business in the cross-investments. The one on Japanese business abroad before revealed the very early role of Japanese multinationals and was replete with surprises on the extent, nature and geographical spread of these pioneer Japanese enterprises.
Geoffrey Jones, among business historians, took the initiative in spurring research on the history of service-sector multinationals Jones, , ; Jones, , , Gordon Boyce wrote on supply chains Boyce, The trading-company literature not only opened doors to investigations of business groups, but also to studies of networks and alliances. The history of banks as multinationals has attracted the interest of many students of the history of multinational enterprises. There came to be a recognition of the need to distinguish why and where banks established multinational operations as well as their banking strategies and structures from the actual business of banking Jones, Universal banking and its role in relationship to multinational enterprise came to be considered.
Theirs is an extraordinary story that contributes to our understanding of the history of variety of business forms that multinational enterprises take in international expansion. It has also much to say on the history of holding companies in international business Hausman et al. Business and legal historians have dealt with intellectual property rights as well as with brands, trademarks and patents as intangible assets.
They have studied antitrust, national security and other policy issues. These are matters highly germane to the success or failure of international business. There is an effort to consider performance over time and what that entails. They hope instead that the past will cast light on the present. Most have tried to take the evidence at its face value.